Law enforcement has been confronted with a form of crime difficult for them to keep track of over the last decades. Cyberspace creates different offenders because of the lack of location proximity, the use of technology and the relative anonymity. Gone are the days when the usual suspects were evident and lived around the corner. Proximity of the offender to the victim or goal is no longer needed and therefore traditional surveillance and investigatory methods no longer suffice. This change in the offender landscape pushes law enforcement agencies to change their ways as well. Patrolling the streets has changed into surveilling social media. Investigation of trace evidence on the physical crime scene has transformed into finding evidence in manipulation of bits and bytes in computers, networks and telephones. Without these changes, law enfor- cement would not be able to keep up with cybercriminals. But it is not only cybercrime that is investigated digitally by law enforcement.
- Policing a digital world, Leiden Law Blog