Legal aid in Europe: Nine different ways to guarantee access to justice?

The research institute of the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice (WODC) commissioned comparative research about legal aid in nine countries: France, Germany, Belgium, England & Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Poland, the Netherlands and Finland. This report addresses two questions: 1) How are state-financed legal aid systems organised in these countries? 2) Which minimum requirements for state-financed legal aid can be deduced from the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) and from case law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR)?

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